18 October 2012

Ancient Pergamon

Pergamon or Pergamum (Greek: Πέργαμος, ) was an ancient Greek city in modern-day Turkey, in Mysia, north-western Anatolia, 16 miles from the Aegean Sea, located on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern day Bakırçay), that became the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon during the Hellenistic period, under the Attalid dynasty, 281–133 BC. Today, the main sites of ancient Pergamon are to the north and west of the modern city of Bergama.

The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Kingdom of Thrace.

The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, father of Philetaerus who came to power in 281 BC following the collapse of the Kingdom of Thrace, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome in the Hellenistic world. Under Attalus I (241-197 BC), they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II (197-158 BC), against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.

The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. When Attalus III (138-133 BC) died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.

The first Christian bishop of Pergamon, Antipas, was believed to have been martyred here in 92 AD
The Great Altar of Pergamon is in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. The base of this altar remains on the upper part of the Acropolis. It was this altar, believed dedicated to Zeus, that John of Patmos referred to as "Satan's Throne" in his Book of Revelation.

Photographer: Özgür Mulazimoglu

17 October 2012

16 October 2012

Silent Water

Konak and Alsancak view from Karataş. The water is still, weather is cloudy. It feels like raining. 

15 October 2012

Basmane Train Station - Night Scene

The Basmane Train Station (Turkish: Basmane Garı) is one of the two main railway stations in Izmir, the other being Alsancak. Construction of the station began in 1864 and completed in 1866. The station opened on October 25, 1866.

Photograph taken from Wikipedia
Taken on 09 February 2007

14 October 2012

Çeşme Downtown

Çeşme downtown.

9 September 2012

9th September

Today it is the 90th anniversary of survival of Izmir from Greek occupation.

On 15 May 1919, the Greek Army occupied Izmir. The Turkish Army which was commanded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, retook possession of Izmir on 9 September 1922, effectively ending the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) in the field.

The photo shows the youth in celebrations of the anniversary.

Photograph from Cumhuriyet

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